Medicare coverage of nursing home care depends on a resident’s need for skilled nursing and/or therapy, not the resident’s potential for improvement. However, too many nursing home residents continue to be denied skilled services on the basis of an “Improvement Standard,” which was firmly rejected by the court-approved settlement in Jimmo v. Sebelius. In order … Read more

[Date] [Attorney’s Name] [Address] Re: [Beneficiary’s Name], Medicare No. [XXXXX] To Whom It May Concern: I am writing on behalf of my client, [Full Name], to request an expedited reconsideration. The skilled nursing facility (SNF) terminated Mr./Ms. [Last Name]’s Medicare coverage on [Date]. The SNF told Mr./Ms. [Last Name] that his/her Medicare coverage was ending … Read more

Background The United States District Court for the District of Vermont approved a settlement agreement in Jimmo v. Sebelius[1] on January 23, 2013. The Jimmo Settlement required the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) to confirm that Medicare coverage of skilled nursing facility, home health, and outpatient therapy services must be determined on the … Read more

The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) launched a “Patients over Paperwork” initiative in 2017 “to evaluate and streamline regulations with a goal to reduce unnecessary burden, to increase efficiencies, and to improve the beneficiary experience.”[1] Unfortunately, most of CMS’s efforts under this initiative focus on reducing so-called provider “burden” instead of improving beneficiary … Read more

In 2013, a federal district court approved a settlement agreement in Jimmo v. Sebelius, No. 5:11-CV-17 (D. VT). The Jimmo Settlement confirmed that Medicare coverage should be determined based on a beneficiary’s need for skilled care (nursing or therapy), not on the individual’s potential for improvement. The Jimmo Settlement and court decisions pertain to all … Read more

The National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC) is a standard-setting and regulatory support organization governed by chief insurance regulators from across the country. NAIC’s website indicates that organizational members and its resources, “form the national system of state-based insurance regulation in the U.S.” One such resource is NAIC’s Glossary of Health Insurance and Medical Terms, … Read more

With support from the John A. Hartford Foundation, the Center for Medicare Advocacy has produced a new Fact Sheet to help Medicare beneficiaries and their families respond to unfair Medicare denials for care at inpatient rehabilitation hospitals/facilities (IRH/F). The Fact Sheet outlines the coverage criteria for IRH/Fs and emphasizes language from the Jimmo Settlement Agreement. … Read more

The Settlement Agreement in Jimmo v. Sebelius, No. 5:11-CV-17 (D. VT), was approved by a federal district court in January 2013. The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) was required to confirm that Medicare coverage is determined by a beneficiary’s need for skilled care and is not based on a beneficiary’s potential for improvement. … Read more

With support from The John A. Hartford Foundation, the Center for Medicare Advocacy has produced a new Fact Sheet to help Medicare providers, contractors, and adjudicators apply the correct legal standard to Medicare coverage and payment determinations – as required by the Jimmo v. Sebelius Settlement Agreement. The Jimmo Settlement means that Medicare coverage and … Read more

Despite the Jimmo case’s confirmation that Medicare coverage of a stay in a skilled nursing facility (SNF) is appropriate to maintain a resident’s functional status, when the nursing or therapy services must be provided by a professional nurse or therapist, SNFs and managed care plans frequently continue to deny medically necessary coverage.  Expedited appeals to … Read more

The Center for Medicare Advocacy recently completed a survey of Jimmo v. Sebelius stakeholders to analyze the effectiveness of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services’ education efforts regarding the Jimmo Settlement, which clarified that Medicare must cover skilled maintenance care in the home health, skilled nursing facility and outpatient therapy settings. Unfortunately, the results … Read more

Health Care Sabotage: Association Health Plans Are Here New Jimmo Resources from the Center for Medicare Advocacy and The John A. Hartford Foundation Health Care Sabotage: Association Health Plans Are Here Thanks to a final rule issued by the Administration, Association Health Plans (AHPs) will be available starting this month. Expanding AHPs will make it … Read more

With support from The John A. Hartford Foundation, the Center for Medicare Advocacy has produced two new Checklists to help Medicare beneficiaries and their families respond to unfair Medicare denials based on an erroneous “Improvement Standard.” Per the Jimmo Settlement, CMS revised the Medicare Benefit Policy Manual to clearly disavow any notion that residents of … Read more

With support from the John A. Hartford Foundation, the Center for Medicare Advocacy provides the following Fact Sheet to help Medicare home health beneficiaries and their families respond to unfair Medicare denials based on an erroneous “Improvement Standard.” The Fact Sheet emphasizes language from the Jimmo Settlement Agreement, wherein the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid … Read more

CMA Alert – Jimmo “Improvement Standard” News; Elder Justice Newsletter & More

Jimmo "Improvement Standard" News: ALJ Rules Medicare Covers Outpatient therapy to Maintain Function, Indefinitely if Needed New Fact Sheet: Skilled Nursing Facility Coverage and Jimmo v. Sebelius  Elder Justice Newsletter, March 2018 You Guessed it… More Health Care Sabotage Jimmo "Improvement Standard" News: ALJ Rules Medicare Covers Outpatient therapy to Maintain Function, Indefinitely if Needed … Read more

With support from the John A. Hartford Foundation, the Center for Medicare Advocacy provides the following Fact Sheet to help Medicare nursing home beneficiaries and their families respond to unfair Medicare denials based on an erroneous “Improvement Standard.” The Fact Sheet emphasizes language from the Jimmo Settlement Agreement, wherein the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid … Read more

Jimmo v. Sebelius, No. 11-cv-17 (D. VT), is a nationwide class-action lawsuit brought on behalf of Medicare beneficiaries who received care in skilled nursing facilities, home health care, and outpatient therapy and who were denied Medicare coverage on the basis that they were not improving or did not demonstrate a potential for improvement (known as … Read more

Toolkit: Medicare Home Health Coverage & <i>Jimmo v. Sebelius</i>

Jimmo v. Sebelius, No. 11-cv-17 (D. VT), is a nationwide class-action lawsuit brought on behalf of Medicare beneficiaries who received care in skilled nursing facilities, home health care, and outpatient therapy and who were denied Medicare coverage on the basis that they were not improving or did not demonstrate a potential for improvement (known as … Read more

On February 9, 2018, the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018 was signed into law by the President. The budget act includes a “health extenders” package that, among other changes, permanently repeals annual Medicare payment limits (or caps) on outpatient physical, speech, and occupational therapy services.[1] Pursuant to the Balanced Budget Act of 1997, Medicare Part … Read more

Jimmo v. Sebelius, No. 11-cv-17 (D. VT), is a nationwide class-action lawsuit brought on behalf of Medicare beneficiaries who received care in skilled nursing facilities, home health care, and outpatient therapy and who were denied Medicare coverage on the basis that they were not improving or did not demonstrate a potential for improvement (known as … Read more

The Plan: Pass a Devastating Tax Bill, Balloon the Deficit, then Gut the Social Programs We Rely On Jimmo Update: Court Orders CMS to Modify Special Jimmo Webpage ACA and Medicare Enrollment Periods End Soon Changes to Notice of Qualified Medicare Beneficiary (QMB) Status The Plan: Pass a Devastating Tax Bill, Balloon the Deficit, then … Read more

I. JIMMO IMPLEMENTATION UPDATE Background – Jimmo Settlement The settlement in Jimmo v. Sebelius, No. 5:11-cv-17 (D. Vt.) was approved on January 24, 2013.  CMS issued revisions to its Medicare Benefit Policy Manual to clarify that Medicare coverage is available for skilled maintenance services in the home health, nursing home and outpatient settings.  CMS also implemented … Read more

Welcome and Housekeeping  (David Lipschutz, Moderator)  Jimmo Implementation Update (Judy Stein, Ali Bers)  Corrective Action Plan Completed New CMS webpage: https://www.cms.gov/Center/Special-Topic/Jimmo-Center.html Jimmo Webinar – September 27 at 3pm EDT.  Register at: https://register.gotowebinar.com/register/4716521538610996739 Update on Home Health Access Initiative Project (Kathy Holt)  Proposed rule re: payment (comments due 9/25) Joint Webinar with National Association for Home … Read more

CMA Alert –  OIG Warns of Abuse in SNFs; Ted Kennedy, Jr. Joins CMA Advisory Board; “Jimmo” Corrective Action Plan

HHS OIG Warns of Potential Elder Abuse in Skilled Nursing Facilities Connecticut State Senator Ted Kennedy, Jr. Joins Center for Medicare Advocacy Advisory Board Jimmo Corrective Action Plan Completed HHS OIG Warns of Potential Elder Abuse in Skilled Nursing Facilities Last week, the HHS Office of Inspector General (OIG) issued an Early Alert, warning of … Read more

Jimmo Corrective Action Plan Completed CMS Adds Resources Regarding Medicare Coverage To Help People Who Need Skilled Maintenance Nursing or Therapy As ordered by the federal judge in Jimmo v. Sebelius, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) published a new webpage containing important information about the Jimmo Settlement on its CMS.gov website. The … Read more

On February 16, 2017, the Jimmo v. Sebelius court approved a Corrective Statement to be used by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) to affirmatively disavow the use of an “Improvement Standard” for Medicare coverage.  The government will use the statement as part of its Corrective Action Plan, which was ordered by the … Read more

In a decision released February 2, 2017, the federal judge overseeing the Settlement Agreement in the Medicare “Improvement Standard” case (Jimmo v. Burwell) ordered the Secretary of Health & Human Services to carry out a Corrective Action Plan to remedy the Department’s noncompliance with the Settlement.  In August, 2016, Chief Judge Christina Reiss, of the … Read more

No. 11-cv-17 (D.Vt.), filed January 18, 2011 Issue: Whether the "Improvement Standard", which operates as a rule of thumb to terminate or deny Medicare coverage to beneficiaries who are not improving, violates substantive and procedural requirements of the Medicare statute, the Administrative Procedure Act, and the Freedom of Information Act, and the Due Process Clause of … Read more

In an Opinion and Order released on August 18, 2016, Chief Judge Christina Reiss, the judge in Jimmo v. Burwell – the “Improvement Standard case” – ordered the federal government, through its Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), to comply with the Settlement Agreement that she approved in January 2013. The Order requires CMS to remedy … Read more

Welcome and Housekeeping  (David Lipschutz, Moderator)  Litigation Update   (Ali Bers) Jimmo (Improvement standard) CMA and Vermont Legal Aid have filed a Motion for Resolution of Non-Compliance with the Settlement Agreement Exley (formerly Lessler) (ALJ Delay Case) Settlement preliminarily approved Barrows (formerly Bagnall) (Observation) Discovery on protected property interest issue; summary judgment briefing Other cases Hull … Read more

LITIGATION UPDATE Barrows v. Burwell (formerly Bagnall v. Sebelius) (Observation Status) No. 3:11-cv-01703 (D. Conn., filed 11/3/2011). In November 2011, the Center for Medicare Advocacy and Justice in Aging filed a class action lawsuit on behalf of individuals who have been denied Medicare Part A coverage of hospital and nursing home stays because their care … Read more

In an Opinion and Order released on August 18, 2016, Chief Judge Christina Reiss, who oversees the “Improvement Standard” case (Jimmo v. Burwell, No. 11-cv-17 (D.Vt.)), ordered the federal government, through its Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), to comply with the Settlement Agreement that she had approved in January 2013.  The Order requires CMS … Read more

Beneficiaries Across the Country Still Denied Needed Coverage Due to Illegal Use of Improvement Standard March 1, 2016 – Today, Plaintiffs’ counsel, the Center for Medicare Advocacy and Vermont Legal Aid, filed a Motion for Resolution of Non-Compliance with the Settlement Agreement in the landmark case, Jimmo v. Sebelius. The filing comes after three years … Read more

Thank you to everyone who took the time to complete our recent Jimmo Implementation Council survey. We are writing to provide a summary of the results and the status of our efforts. In summary, there is enthusiasm for staying in touch and continuing to work together to advance implementation of the Jimmo Settlement.  96% of … Read more

Advancing Access to Medicare and Necessary Care for People with Long-Term Conditions and Injuries With support from the John A. Hartford Foundation the Center for Medicare Advocacy has created a multi-disciplinary Jimmo Implementation Council. The Center convened the first meeting of the Council on June 23, 2015 at the US Capitol in Washington, DC.[1] The … Read more

Advancing Access to Medicare and Necessary Care for People with Long-Term Conditions and Injuries                                                                                      … Read more

With support from the John A. Hartford Foundation, the Center for Medicare Advocacy has created a council of beneficiary advocates, providers, policy-makers and other partners to discuss, analyze and advance the implementation of the Jimmo v. Sebelius "Improvement Standard" Settlement. The Center convened the first meeting of the multi-disciplinary Council on June 23, 2015 at … Read more

Thank you for your interest in the Jimmo Implemenation Council. We look forward to your insight as we move forward with Implementation of the Jimmo v. Sebelius settlement. Stay tuned for updates and further activities. More information on the Improvement Standard and Jimmo v. Sebelius.

No. 5:14-cv-128 (D.Vt.), filed June 23, 2014 Issue: Whether the denial of coverage for named plaintiff Glenda Jimmo by the Medicare Appeals Council on re-review of her claim under the revised manual provisions pursuant to the Jimmo settlement agreement was correct. Relief Sought: Reversal of the Secretary’s decision denying coverage and granting the claim for … Read more

Twenty-one months after winning a national class action lawsuit that sought to overturn Medicare's practice of denying skilled maintenance care to patients who did not meet an "improvement standard," plaintiff Glenda Jimmo is finally receiving Medicare coverage for skilled home health maintenance care benefits she was denied in 2007. A federal court case in Vermont … Read more

Welcome and Housekeeping  (David Lipschutz, Moderator) Presentation:  Re-Review of Previously Denied Claims Pursuant to the Jimmo Settlement (Gill Deford) Overview Claims Eligible for Review Deadlines and Request Form Legislative Update:  The Federal Budget and Medicare (David Lipschutz) Medicare “Doc Fix” (Physician payment, or “SGR”): Where are we now? Extenders: QI program and therapy cap exceptions … Read more

1. PRESENTATION:  RE-REVIEW OF PREVIOUSLY DENIED CLAIMS PURSUANT TO THE JIMMO SETTLEMENT In addition to revising Medicare manual provisions to now allow Medicare coverage for skilled maintenance care, the Settlement Agreement in Jimmo v. Sebelius provides that Medicare beneficiaries who were previously denied Medicare coverage may have claims re-reviewed under the revised manual provisions.  The … Read more

If you are covered by Medicare and you have a long-term or chronic condition, you may be eligible to have Medicare re-review your claims that were denied in prior years.  Please read carefully. In addition to revising Medicare manual provisions to now allow Medicare coverage for skilled maintenance care, the Settlement Agreement in Jimmo v. … Read more

As of December 6, 2013, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) Policy manuals have been updated to reflect the settlement in Jimmo vs. Sebelius, No.11-cv-17 (D.VT, January 24, 2013).  The manuals now make it clear that improvement is not necessary for coverage of skilled nursing and therapy services. For example, the home health section … Read more

1. PRESENTATION: CMS MANUAL PROVISIONS ISSUED PURSUANT TO THE JIMMO SETTLEMENT The Center for Medicare Advocacy is pleased to announce that the Medicare Policy Manuals have been revised pursuant to the Jimmo vs. Sebelius Settlement.  The Jimmo case ended a longstanding practice denying Medicare coverage to people who had “plateaued,” or were “chronic,” or “stable,” or “not … Read more

Monday, December 16, 2013 – 2:00 P.M., Eastern Time Call-in Number: 1 (888) 206-2266 Pass Code: 9874704 NOTE: We ask people calling from the same location to gather around one telephone.  This frees up lines and holds down costs. Please ensure your line is on MUTE for the duration of the call until the Q&A portion of … Read more

  Attorneys from the Center for Medicare Advocacy, Vermont Legal Aid and the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) have agreed to settle the "Improvement Standard" case, Jimmo v. Sebelius, No. 11-cv-17 (D.VT), filed January 18, 2011.  A proposed settlement agreement was filed in federal District Court on October 16, 2012.  When the judge approves … Read more

(print stories only) Mrs. Jimmo Lead plaintiff in the Improvement Standard case, Glenda Jimmo of Bristol, Vermont is blind and has had her right leg amputated due to complications from diabetes. She requires a wheelchair, and receives multiple home health care visits per week for various treatments for her complex condition. However, Medicare denied coverage … Read more

General Question: Are professional therapy services available under Medicare only for patients who are improving or who are expected to improve? Answer:  No.  The Jimmo Settlement confirms that services by a physical therapist, occupational therapist, and speech and language pathologist are covered by Medicare, Parts A and B, and by Medicare Advantage Plans in skilled … Read more

1.  PRESENTATIONS UPDATE ON JIMMO:  SETTLEMENT APPROVED In January 2011, the Center for Medicare Advocacy and Vermont Legal Aid filed a lawsuit in the District Court of Vermont challenging Medicare’s “Improvement Standard.” Jimmo v. Sebelius No. 11-cv-17 (D.Vt., filed 1/18/11). This case argues that the "Improvement Standard", which operates as a rule of thumb to … Read more